Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Sunday, May 24th, 2020

The Indications of Growing Insecurity

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The Indications of  Growing Insecurity

The reports about the killings of the innocent people and the security forces, in Afghanistan, are making the headlines in the newspapers and news channels quite often nowadays, which show the fact that the situation is really getting very much concerning. From now onwards, if vigilant eyes are not kept on the state of affairs, the possibilities of a disordered and chaotic future will turn to reality. It is unfortunate to note that the situation is so worse even after so much insistence from the national and international authorities.

The current strategic partnership agreements though have their immense importance, will not be able to play a vital role in the eradication of terrorism from the country, unless the basic issues in Afghan socio-political scenario are solved appropriately. The fact is Afghan society will face myriads of issues as far as the security is concerned after the withdrawal of international troops in 2014. The indications have started to appear on the scene.

On Wednesday, June 20, 2012, about eighteen people were killed and 30 others were injured in southeastern Khost province when a suicide bomber blew himself up near a foreign troop convoy. There were two policemen among the dead and three others among the wounded. The attack was considered to be one of the lethal attacks in the area.Khost is a province that has a border with the neighboring Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Banu of Pakistan. It has been the hotbed of the Taliban insurgents since the very beginning of the war.

Taliban insurgents have been making attempts to dislodge the US troops from the area and as a result, there have been many clashes among them. There are real concerns that once the international troops leave the province, Afghan security forces will face a great challenge to guard it against the terrorists.

The incident in Khost is a very tragic one and measures should be carried out to control such attacks. Though it is difficult to counter the suicide attacks, proper intelligence reports and vigilant checkpoints will definitely play a key role in reducing the risks of such attacks. Moreover, there is a crying need of equipping Afghan forces both with skills and technology. They need to go a long way as far as their quality is concerned because the growing threats of terrorism are really very much modern and lethal.

There is another piece of news that talks about the killing of the innocent citizens in Logar province on June 20. The news report says that the victims, who were six in number and belonged to a same family, were killed through a roadside bombing. More tragic is the fact that the deceased included four women and two children while four men were wounded.

Roadside bombings have been one of the most frequent technics of the Taliban insurgents. They have been able to target so many national and international troops and many innocent civilians, as well. The security forces have to make considerable efforts to counter such attacks. However, it is very difficult to guard for the entire routes that are expanded across the country. Nonetheless, efforts can be made to guard for the areas that have been mostly targeted and fall in the insecure regions. Moreover, there can be efforts to control the movement of Improvised Explosive Devices (IED's) through and within the country.

Another security threat for the country is the rise in the 'green on blue' attacks. Though such attacks have taken place in different parts of country, recently an increase has been seen in such attacks in Kandahar. Pentagon has termed the last couple of days as tough days in the area. On Tuesday June 19, around 8 insurgents attacked a foreign forces base, in Arghandab River Valley, north of Kandahar. The attackers were either insurgents dressed as security forces or they were security forces who had turned insurgents. In a course of few days, there have been about 4 such attacks and has made the Pentagon spokesman, Navy Capt. John Kirby, say, "Clearly a tough day in Kandahar, or last couple of days."

The issue of infiltration of Taliban within the Afghan security forces seems to be getting very serious. In the recent few months there have been many incidents which have witnessed the killing of foreign officers by their Afghan counterparts or juniors. The involvement of Afghan soldiers in such plots means that Taliban have penetrated very deep in the defense mechanism of the country. It is obvious that as a result of such attacks, the level of trust will diminish between both the forces and will threaten theirlasting relations.

According to the partnership agreements the international forces are to train and equip the Afghan forces even after 2014, therefore, a long-lasting relation between them is really very much necessary. If the gap between them keeps on widening, the expectations that the Afghan forces would be supported and trained by the foreign forces are very difficult to achieve.

It is really important that Afghan government and security forces, as a response to the issue of growing infiltration of Taliban and insurgency within the Afghan forces, must take very solemn steps. The basic step, that is very much recommendable as per the circumstances, is to make the process of recruitment of the forces very much thorough.

The soldiers who are recruited must not only be recruited so as to fill in the required numbers; rather they should be passed through a scrutinizing process wherein their backgrounds and their intentions must be gauged as much as possible. On the other hand, it is really important for Afghan security arrangements to strengthen its information channels and must have the capability to acquire timely clues about such ill-intended plots and serious security threats.

Moreover, there should be concrete steps so as to bridge the widening gap between the foreign troops and Afghan forces. International troops in this regard, must also play its role and try to deal with the controversies appropriately. They have to make sure that they hold their troops accountable if they carry out certain misdeeds, which may widen the gap between the foreign and Afghan forces and punish them as per the law. Collaborated efforts will definitely benefit both the forces and further strengthen their ties.

Dilawar Sherzai is the permanent writer of the Daily outlook Afghanistan. He can be reached at dilawar.sherzai@gmail.com

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