Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Saturday, January 18th, 2020

Citizens Concerned about Rising Crime

January 18,2020

There is almost no one who has not fallen victim to street crime in large cities, mainly in Kabul. The crime rate has increased to a great extent in Kabul City and citizens fear being mugged while walking on the streets in broad daylight. The criminal activities in Kabul include theft, robbery, burglary, mugging, and murder. A number of people are mugged in Kabul streets on day-to-day basis and the muggers escape easily. Many of the criminals carry pistols and knives and simply hurt their victims who resist against them. Some victims are reported dead and wounded while resisting to keep their properties. Snatching mobile phones and women’s purses is very common on the streets. For example, few months back, my sister and I were walking in a busy street of Kabul, two motorcyclists snatched her purse while passing us. We could do nothing. Darkness in streets, as a result of lack of electric power, has made people more vulnerable to street crimes and mugging. Criminals extort citizens’ money and properties at gunpoint in ...

Human Rights Prone to Increasing Regional Tension

January 16,2020

Following the US-Iran tension, the fear of increasing instability in the region has mounted. Regional stakeholders are concerned about the escalating tension and its horrible consequences. The region has been jeopardized after the emergence of the self-proclaimed ISIL group, Syria’s conflict, and Saudi Arabia’s attacks on Yemen. As a result of the three aforementioned incidents, the rights and liberties of civilians and soldiers were violated on a large scale. A countless number of people were killed and discriminated on the grounds of their caste, color, and creed. Scores of women were raped by ISIL fighters simply for following a certain faith. The malnourished Yemeni children still make the headlines around the world and refugees from war-torn countries suffer severely in camps. To one’s unmitigated chagrin, the Middle East conflict has brought about untold sorrows to men, women and children. The outpouring of pain and suffering inflicted on war victims outrage the collective ...

The Fragility of Peace Talks

January 15,2020

Despite the prolonged talks between the US representatives and the Taliban, intra-Afghan dialogue has not been ushered in since the Taliban refused to hold talks with the Kabul administration. The prospect for US-Taliban peace deal has increased, which is most likely to result in intra-Afghan dialogue. The Taliban interlocutors urged them on multiple occasions to reduce violence and declare a ceasefire. Recently, the Kabul government has called on the Taliban to declare truce saying that reduction of violence, accepted by the Taliban, is neither practical nor promising. The Taliban seem to have accepted reduction of violence in the wake of the cold climate, which restrict their operations and fighting capacity. In 2019, the Taliban declared their spring offensive despite the persistent call for reduction of violence. The Taliban’s decision making is based on their fighters’ security, political ramifications, and religious suitability. They are unlikely to have decided for declaration of ceasefire after consulting their top leaders in ...

The Challenges of Free Market in Afghanistan

January 14,2020

According to article 10 of constitution of Afghanistan, the economic system of the country is defined as free market system. Though there is no absolute concept in social science, including economy, it has caused an absolute interpretation from free market system so far as every destructive economic behavior is justified on the basis of free market system reflected in the law. When we talk to some of the officials why the prices of basic goods are suddenly doubled in winter seasons, they justify their silence based on article 10 of the national law as if the injustice and economic oppression is allowed by law in Afghanistan. Undoubtedly, the law also does not allow injustice and economic oppression which is going on under name of free market. Even if we look in the origin countries of free market system, no one believe in absolute interpretation of free market system or else it can be used as a weapon against social and political security of any countrie, especially under developed countries such as ...

‘If You’re Not at the Table, You’re on the Menu’

January 13,2020

The active engagement of Afghan women in the peace talks will be highly crucial since the rights and liberties of women are one of the issues discussed at the table. The Taliban hold radical mindset towards women, who are concerned about the outcome of the ongoing talks between the Taliban and US representatives. Afghan women reiterated their inclusion in the talks on multiple occasions and were concerned that the Taliban would continue their radical mindset towards them. Following the collapse of the Taliban regime, the Afghan constitution was approved based on democratic principles and recognized equal rights and liberties for both men and women. Meanwhile, international organizations and Independent Human Rights Commission also advocated the rights ...

The Persistent Challenges of Kabul, the Capital City of Afghanistan

January 12,2020

In recent years, Kabul population growth has been considered as one of the fastest growing populations in the world, increasing from few hundred thousand populations to estimated seven million people. Therefore, it facing multiple challenges including: water shortages, social crimes, unmapped city, air-pollution, environmental challenges, over traffics, overpopulation, poverty, and unemployment and so on. This article is aiming to provide a brief picture of main the challenges hoping to draw attentions of thinkers and actors for solving chronic challenges of this important city. As pointed out, the first main problem of Kabul city is water shortage due to various ...

The Main Factors of Development and Modernization

January 11,2020

There are various definitions about modernization and development but mainly it refers to deep changes in human thinking, behavior, mentality and way of social and political life. When a society is modernized, it will experience many psychological, social, cultural, economic and political changes. In the other word, when we talk about modernization, it means there are some old and traditional things or system which does not work or function properly; therefore needs to replace with a new system that works properly. Based on this, when a society is modernized, the human energies are coherently focused on how to exploit the social and natural environment for reaching human purposes. The main features of a modernized society include: having independent government, high level of urban life, high level of literacy, high level of human motivation, high level of industrialization, high level of educational services for all, high level of freedom of expression ...

Peace Talks Prone to Escalating Tension in the Region

January 09,2020

It is feared that the US-Taliban ongoing talks in the Qatari capital of Doha will be vulnerable after the escalating tension between Iran and the United States following the US killing of Qassem Suleimani, the powerful commander of Iran’s Quds Force. US officials are concerned about the vulnerability of the Afghan peace process and its Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that Iran sought to undermine the process. Some feared that the Taliban will be handed more sophisticated weaponry if peace talks reach a stalemate. A former Afghan intelligence chief, Rahmatullah Nabil, said on Twitter that it would be “no surprise” if such missile technology made its way into Taliban hands if a peace deal were to fall through.

Achieving Sustainable Development

January 08,2020

We live in “the global village” where human societies share organic relations. When a country sustains economic recession, prosperity is harmed everywhere. When a person suffers from a new flu, all are at risk. When nuclear weapon is pursued by one nation, all nations are susceptible to the risk of nuclear attack. When violent extremists spill the blood of individuals in one corner of the world, the entire globe is affected mentally and emotionally. And when innocents are slaughtered in Syria, Iraq or Afghanistan, the public conscience is outraged. That is what it means we live in “the global village” and share ...

Population Growth a Major Impediment to Economic Growth

January 07,2020

Population growth is one of the major barriers to development in developing countries. Nearly all developing countries are struggling with these phenomena. The population . . .

Gender Equality Ensures a Vibrant Society

January 06,2020

Equality between men and women is one of the core values of the Afghanistan constitution. This value has been enshrined in Afghan legal and political frameworks. Based on the Afghanistan constitution, Afghan government is committed to breaking the vicious cycle of gender discrimination through developing gender responsive polices in different sectors. Afghan government has taken different measures and a range of activities aimed at empowering girls and women, protecting their rights, transforming their lives and strengthening their voices as drivers of sustainable development. Afghan government wants to take further measures to ensure empowerment of Afghan ...

Taliban Show no Concern about Civilian Casualties

January 05,2020

Afghan nation and state as well as the international community have been concerned about the civilian casualties in Afghanistan, inflicted by the Taliban militants within almost two decades. Although the Afghan government and ordinary people have called on the Taliban militants on multiple occasions to reduce violence, the Taliban continued their deadly attacks. Taliban leaders and military commanders said that military imperatives take precedence. The Taliban are unlikely to take precautions to protect civilians and their assets if doing so would inhibit their ability to achieve their military objectives ...

The ‘Afghanistan Papers’ Unfold Roadblocks to Counterterrorism

January 04,2020

The focus of discussion between the Taliban and US representatives at the negotiating table in the Qatari capital of Doha will be reduction of violence that could lead to a ceasefire and intra-Afghan dialogue. The Taliban negotiators consult with their top leadership in Pakistan whether or not to declare ceasefire. It appears that the issue of ceasefire has been controversial between the Taliban leaders and their military commanders. It is said that the Peshawar Shura, which has the largest number of Taliban leaders, had made a positive decision on the ceasefire. However, the Quetta Shura, which is mostly military, had different views on the ceasefire. Former members of the Taliban hope that the views of the group’s politicians and militaries will be coordinated. Recently, the AP has reported that the Taliban’s ruling council agreed Sunday to a transient ceasefire ...

No True Democracy Unless Women’s Voices Heard

January 02,2020

The rights and freedoms of women have been a highly controversial subjects during Afghan kings, communist regimes, Mujahidin, and the Taliban regime. Afghan women have been vulnerable to social and political changes and their rights have passed many ups and downs with the changes of regimes. In the post-Taliban Afghanistan, with the establishment of nascent democracy, women’s rights and dignity are still debated hotly. Since the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Afghan women have made significant advances in rights ...

Afghans Hope for Peace in 2020

January 01,2020

Despite the public hope, the year 2019 has been replete with a myriad of challenges for Afghan people. Afghan civilians bore the brunt of violence and conflict and Afghan soldiers also sustained heavy casualties. Neither the US and Taliban negotiators reached an agreement nor the Taliban were pressured to start negotiations with the Afghan government. With the beginning of each year, Afghans hope that peace talks will bear the desired result, which would lead to the establishment of peace and stability, however their ...

The ‘Afghanistan Papers’ Unfold Roadblocks to Counterterrorism

December 31,2019

The focus of discussion between the Taliban and US representatives at the negotiating table in the Qatari capital of Doha will be reduction of violence that could lead to a ceasefire and intra-Afghan dialogue. The Taliban negotiators consult with their top leadership in Pakistan whether or not to declare ceasefire. It appears that the issue of ceasefire has been controversial between the Taliban leaders and their military commanders. It is said that the Peshawar Shura, which has the ...

Stark Difference Between Taliban’s Insurgency and Mujahidin’s ‘Jihad’

December 30,2019

More than four decades of war has inflicted heavy casualties on Afghan people and filled them with strong sense of anguish and disappointment. Afghans still suffer severely in the wake of the ongoing violence and peace remain elusive as the Taliban faction continues its militancy against ...

Why Afghanistan Was Left Alone When the Soviet Union Left the Country

December 29,2019

In December 1979, in the midst of the Cold War, the Soviet 40th Army invaded Afghanistan in order to prop up the communist government of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) against a growing insurgency. At the time, the United States had been making headway in the Middle East at Moscow’s ...

Afghanistan’s Historical Glories and Disgrace

December 28,2019

A number of factions engaged in civil unrests pursued various objectives. Streams of blood were shed and people’s rights and freedoms were violated within more than three decades of war. Contrary to merciless killings with sinister aims behind, some cherished high hopes, freedom and peace for the country. Afghanistan ...

Role of the Media – Highly Essential

December 26,2019

Media plays a crucial role around the globe. It generates public awareness, support freedom of speech and democracy. People are widely involved in news, reports, movies, etc. and imagining modern life without media seems horrible. Modern technologies have ...

Trilateral Agreement Likely to Result in Peace

December 25,2019

The Afghan future government is likely to focus on peace talks, which have been a highly controversial issue. With the start of negotiations between the Taliban and US representatives to end the 18-year-old conflict in Afghanistan, there were many ifs and buts, which slowed ...

Announcing Primary Results: A Big Step Forward

December 24,2019

Afghan Presidential election results were announced on Sunday October 22. It was regarded as a bold step forward; because it was about three months that announcing the primary results had changed to a big problem . . .

Declaration of Truce will Generate Hope and Optimism

December 23,2019

If the Taliban could bring down their expectations in a pragmatic way and made positive response to the latest development, reduce their insurgent offensives, and try to reach a transient ...

Peace Talks Viewed with Hope and Mistrust

December 22,2019

Peace talks between the Taliban and US representatives have again generated hope as the US Special Envoy Zalmay Khalilzad said that negotiations had reached an “important stage” amid a renewed push to reach an agreement...

How to Ensure Peaceful Co-existence In Afghanistan

December 21,2019

Racial and religious superiority has left no room for peaceful co-existence. “The scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind”, rooted in ethnocentric ...

Afghanistan’s ‘Historic Tragedy’

December 19,2019

Amanullah Khan, who succeeded his father as the king of Afghanistan in 1919, was a reformist emir and established great milestones in the history of Afghanistan. He liberated the individuals ...

Corruption; Main Barrier to Development

December 18, 2019

Corruption is endemic throughout Afghan society. President Ghani has made specific measures to tackle systematic corruption in the country...

Corruption; Main Barrier to Development

December 17,2019

Corruption is endemic throughout Afghan society.  President Ghani has made specific measures to tackle systematic corruption in the country. As a result, the government ...

Gender-based Discrimination Continues

December 16,2019

Violence against women has increased in Afghanistan despite strong advocacy of women’s rights. A number of individuals still seek to impose their will on women...

The Rocky Resumption of Peace Talks

December 15,2019

With the involvement of the US and Taliban representatives in negotiations, which have not borne a desired result so far, peace talks appear to be a rocky road as Washington ...

Pakistan: The Safe Haven of the Terrorist Groups

December 14,2019

Taliban announced on December 10, 2019 that they will end their fight against the US forces, but they will continue fighting the Afghan National Defense and Security forces...

War in Afghanistan Complicated and Controversial

December 12,2019

The protracted war in Afghanistan has been changed into a highly controversial issue, mainly after the revelation of an investigative report “The Afghanistan Papers” in the Washington ...

Afghan Citizens – The Casualty of Corruption

December 11,2019

Political syndrome has put its adverse effect on the government machinery, where administrative corruption is prevalent. The horrible consequences of corruption in the life of Afghan ...

Delay in Elections Results: Human and Economic Consequences

December 10,2019

Preliminary results from Afghanistan’s September 28 presidential election that was expected to be reported on October 19 – have been delayed for several months. The main reason ...

Ifs and Buts Emerge with Resumption of Talks in Qatar

December 09,2019

The Taliban and US representatives have resumed their negotiations in Doha, three months after the US President Donald Trump called off the talks. Before the resumption of the talks ...