Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Friday, May 29th, 2020

The Right Use of Power Result Prosperity for a Nation

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The Right Use of Power Result  Prosperity for a Nation

In the Afghanistan context, you may have you noticed that people who have a lot of compassion and social intelligence in their use of their personal power, often surprisingly begin misusing their power when they get into professional positions of trust and authority. Have you ever thought that, it is because Afghans are eager of unconditional power or it is, as Afghans do not use power in the right way? Why is it that there is so much misuse and abuse of power in this specific geographical point?  Question that rises for the public more than anything does in these days.   It would be helpful if the situation illustrate through an example.  For instance, when he / or she is an ordinary citizen always complains and accuse that the public office holders do not take decisions solely in terms of the national interest, they do the work in order to gain financial or other material benefits for themselves, their family, or their  friends!
However, when he/ or she get the position, then knowingly disrespect the rules and regulations, break the laws, cross the public opinions, and ignore the public rights. Act in impulsive fashion and fail to understand other people’s feelings and desires. Rely on stereotypes when judging others, and pay less attention to the characteristics that define those other people as individuals.  Judge others’ attitudes, interests, and needs less accurately. Always act on his/or her own whims, desires, and impulses. Most of the time interrupt others, to speak out of turn, and to fail to look at others who are speaking and change to a character similar to ‘anti- national interests.’
Therefore, power is a hot issue in Afghansiatn. To know more, first it is important to identify the meaning/or the definitions of the word power. Here are all the possible meanings of the word power. Power in dictionary: right to command: rule: authority: influence: ability: capacity of suffering: a ruler: a divinity.
Power in mind-set of Gandhi, “Power is of two kinds. One is obtained by the fear of punishment and the other by acts of love. Power based on love is a thousand times more effective and permanent then the one derived from fear of punishment.”
Moreover, in political science some politics say power means “control of man over man.”
So, based on the cited definitions, the reason that humankind eager for power is to control others behavior, ideology, and economic growth. Controlling is the key word among all the meanings. As outcome, power is worthy and sometimes immoral, but mostly unethical.  Mainly it depends on how to use it.The right use of power is a dynamic, inspiring and relational approach to the ethical use of professional and personal power to promote well-being for all and to have an ethical society. In other words, the right use of power is to protect the country national interest. In developed and prospered countries, power has been the most crucial means for achieving national interests. That is why every nation wants to attain, maintain and utilize power. (https://www.politicalscienceview.com/concept-of-power-in-political-science/)
In Afghansiatn context, the understanding is different. Afghans do not use power as it must be used, they abuse of power so much and for this motive the total history of the country is power fighting.
Here, people use power for getting personal interest; it means all the relationship of political parties is defined on the bases of personal interest rather than national interest. Personal interest prejudice an individual’s ability to perform his or her duties and responsibilities objectively, as well as place themselves under any financial or other obligation to outside individuals or organization that support them in the performance of their official duties.   Importantly when an official is carrying out public business, including making public appointments, awarding contracts, or recommending individuals for rewards and benefits, instead of making choices on merit, think of his / her own team and groups as preferences.   
In this satiation senior, staff are not accountable for their decisions and actions to the public.  In addition, they do not give reasons for their decisions and do not give the right information when the wider public interest clearly demands. Team working failed and the nation remained poor and back warded. Day by day social problems increase and no body feel secure.  While the right use of power is the officials must not use their position in the course of their team work to gain any benefit or to further their private advantage or those of others.  They expected to declare any private interests relating to their public duties and to take steps to resolve any conflicts arising in a way that protects the national interests more than anything else does.  Transparency and competency must considered whenever there is a recruitment. The whole administration attempt to achieve the national interests.
Some other politician say, “Power is the ability to make others do what they otherwise would not do.” In this understanding, someone forces his own ideology, beliefs and thoughts on someone else and not allow them to think for themselves. For example, when a tribal leader states his opinion about a political candidate and makes everyone else in the society approve of him and refuse anyone else to belief anything but what they said. So, the leader impose his view of the issue on the rest of the communities. While imposing the specific views on others is deeply damaging the unity and it is another sense of misusing power in Afghansiatn.
As the final point, how harmful misusing of power in Afghansiatn, the proven result is, nineteen years ago approaches for political stability, economic progress and sustainable governance launched in Afghanistan.  At the same time, Afghan leaders with the support of international community reformed the system of previous government and election to allocate power based on popular support. The world community suggested decentralization of administrative power and authority through strengthening the provincial and district level governance, democratic process and accountability.  For the fact that long-term political solidity requires agreement on continues reforms, balance power across regions and between the central government and the provinces. Unfortunately, within all these efforts, still Afghanistan has huge problem in power shifting and radical transitions. The election crisis and the mistrust both were the old problems that still not managed well and properly in the country.  Even though the tactic of power-sharing arrangement like the National Unity Government also does not work well. It is a proven result of misusing power in the state. The direct negative impact of these disorders, is the country suffers when power use in the wrong direction: Levels of violence continue to rise, civilian casualties increase, economic migrants are leaving for Europe and neighboring countries, brains escape from the country and investment lost. Finally, the nation suffers, poverty and violence increase, people none prospered.

Dawlat Bakhtiari is the newly emerging writer of the Daily Outlook Afghanistan. He can be reached at outlookafghanistan@gmail.com

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