The weary war against terrorism that was launched after the incident of 9/11, brought with itself different sorts of influences and impacts on the lives of people in Afghanistan, South Asian region and U.S. in particular and the world in general. The war, though has done much to topple down the Al-Qaida favoring reign of Taliban and has been able to target the mastermind of the incidents of 9/11 - Osama Bin Laden, it has brought with itself a pile of controversies.
Even, bearing a lot of medals on its chest, this war is considered to have proved very much lethal in some other ways. The resources that have been used in this war have not been considered to have hit the bull's eye and the very reason for which the war was started is yet to be achieved even after almost ten years, when the involved nations of the world seem to be reluctant to continue the war and deciding to drag it towards a conclusion.
The most important pretexts to the war were to put an end to the terrorism in Afghanistan and help it build strong political and economic systems so that it can guarantee its survival on the modern concept of democracy.
Both the pretexts are yet to be realized to full extent and the international security forces led by U.S. troops have already announced that they would be withdrawn completely till the end of 2014. Neither the terrorist networks have been eradicated from the region, nor the political and economic systems in Afghanistan are standing on strong footings that can be left alone without much attention and support from international community.
The phenomenon of terrorism has the capacity to grow into strong position from where it is today and can really threaten the region and the world as a whole. Further, this phenomenon is no more an issue only in Afghanistan and has reached to the neighboring countries as well. Pakistan, in this regard, can be named specially.
The rise of terrorism in Pakistan has had close connections with the socio-political situation in Afghanistan and even if the situation in Afghanistan is made better in terms of peace and tranquility it is bound to be effected by the changes of phenomenon of terrorism in neighboring Pakistan unless it is dealt as a regional matter.
Moreover, the growing insecurity in Pakistan is a threat by itself, as well. The fear that the nuclear arsenal in Pakistan can fall in the hands of terrorist organizations has been mentioned by international community on various. occasions. Therefore, the threat of terrorism remains real and intact even after almost ten years of the war against terrorism.
On the other hand the democratization of the political system in Afghanistan is still immature and needs to go a long way before it can reach to a reliable position from where it can start a journey towards real democracy that can penetrate to the grass root level and can deal with the diversity existing in the country.
Further, any political agreement with Taliban still remains unattainable and the prospects of the Bonn II conference that is going to be held till the end of the ongoing year also do not seem very much optimistic. Include to all these concerns and ambiguities the untamed corruption in the country that has been paralyzing the governance system and has been hindering the way of the funds and supports from international community to be spent for the welfare and betterment of the common people of Afghanistan.
Rather, it has been transferring the money, in some way or the other to those who, directly or indirectly support Taliban and terrorist networks in the country. International community in this regard has shown concerns on various occasions but tangible measures that can really introduce strong system of accountability are yet to be introduced.
The economic system has not reached to the level of independence and largely relies on the presence of the foreign troops in some way or the other and serious investment and economic activities are yet to achieve confidence because of shaky situation of markets and the law and order situation.
One of the most important aspects of endeavors for a peaceful life in Afghanistan is its relations with the neighboring countries. The neighboring countries seem to consider the presence of NATO troops in Afghanistan a threat to their security.
Iran, a traditional rival to US, has always mentioned that NATO troops operating in Afghanistan under the leadership of US must leave the country as soon as possible. Pakistan on the other hand has made it clear on various occasions that US presence in their immediate neighborhood is a clear threat to their security.
Russia, just recently, reacted much after the news of strategic agreement between US and Afghanistan that may result in US permanent bases in Afghanistan. It is really a challenge for both Afghanistan and US to make the regional powers believe that the presence of NATO troops in Afghanistan is not going to threaten their security and it is not an easy task.
Currently, the relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and US and Pakistan are not going on proper tracks. The current situation that has come out of the claimed NATO assault on Salala checkpoint in north-western Pakistan will further deteriorate the situation.
According to the reports the assault has killed 28 Pakistani soldiers and Pakistan has reacted by banning the NATO supply trucks from crossing into Afghanistan and demanding the US to quit the Shamsi airbase. NATO on the other hand has claimed that the attack was a reaction.
Obama administration has promised that a detailed investigation will be carried out about the attack while the Pakistani officials have shown great displeasure about the attacks and called them unacceptable. What will be the outcome of the possible investigations in another story, but it is fact that this incident is going to affect the ties between Afghanistan and Pakistan to a large extent. Pakistan has asked Afghanistan to make sure that its land is not used against Pakistan.
Along with the cooperation and assistance of international community, the regional ties are also very important for Afghanistan to go through the transition period and to manage the affairs even after the withdrawal of international troops. Afghanistan has the challenge to maintain both and at the same time its own national interests and that is not an easy task. Therefore, Afghan authorities have to be very serious in this regard and must leave no stone unturned in fulfilling their responsibilities with iron will and determination.