Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Saturday, December 7th, 2019

Afghanistan’s Independence and Its Importance at International Level

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Afghanistan’s Independence and  Its Importance at International Level

Almost one century ago, Afghanistan gained its independence from British Empire. People at home and abroad reacted to this great historic event. Inside Afghanistan, fellow citizens reacted to this great national epic by celebrations and expression of their support of the Afghan youth regime and King Amanullah Khan. After gaining freedom, an independent, proud and developed Afghanistan was considered as the most important goal of the Afghan government and the nation.
Moreover, the overseas movements of liberation in the region and the Islamic world affected by this important event had abandoned the legend of the invincibility of the British Empire, which was used as a powerful motivator for strengthening and expanding liberation movements in their countries. This event created sparks of hope in other Asian countries at a time when they were under political and economic domination of foreign powers. Indian liberators, especially Indian Muslims, interpreted the independence of Afghanistan as a good omen and demanded the revival of the Islamic caliphate, which was abandoned after the victory of Mustafa Kamal in Turkey, led by King Amanullah Khan. 
It is worth to mention that the value and importance of Afghanistan’s independence at international level was revealed during the six months of King Amanullah’s journey to Europe. When King Amanullah arrived in Egypt, the Egyptians and the reputable newspapers recognized the visit of Afghanistan’s king to Egypt as a historic event and a great honor for the Egyptian people, and welcomed him as a champion of the Islamic world. All this welcome and respect in reality was a kind of praise and appreciation of the heroism and courage of the poor, the oppressed and the unheard nation who, with all the incapacity rise and broke up the first circle of British colonialism with incredible courage, and moved in line with independent political and economic life. Undoubtedly, this courageous act to other nations of the world was more like a myth than the truth. In many countries, King Amanullah was encouraged and loved by people and their leaders as a mythical hero. For instance, when King Amanullah arrived in Iran, during the meetings and visits to the Iranian people, they showed so much affection and sincerity on their part that even made Reza Shah jealous and anxious. He wished that king Amanullah Khan should leave his country as soon as possible, so that, these visits would not cause the insurgency and dissatisfaction of the people against him.
Furthermore, the European countries expressed their interest in meeting with King Amanullah and to establish political, economic and cultural relations with the new and independent government of Afghanistan. In particular, British competitors in Europe, which included Germany and France called for widespread political, economic, and cultural relations with Afghanistan.
It is noteworthy that gaining independence from British Empire gave special authority and prestige to Afghanistan at international level. As German President Paul von Hindenburg presented the flag of the country to King Amanullah during the military parade held in honor of the national day of Germany. Further, when King Amanullah visited Paris, he was offered by the Mayor of Paris to sleep on Napoleon Bonaparte’s bed on the first night of his stay in the city, and he was given the title Napoleon of the East. On the other hand, the British authorities committed to offer significant grants including economic cooperation to Afghanistan during the visit of King Amanullah from London if the king avoid his travel to Moscow. Nevertheless, King Amanullah refused all these offers to reveal the unconditional independence of Afghanistan and departed to Moscow. During his visits and signing of bilateral agreements with soviet authorities, he succeeded to further strengthen the bilateral ties between the states.
The Afghan youth regime could achieve international trust and credibility by gaining freedom from the British Empire and establishment of an independent state. Protecting the independence of the country and continuing the modernization path of King Amanullah can ensure a peaceful and prosperous Afghanistan.

Bezhan Azam has PhD scholar in management studies.

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