Man is a social animal. He lives in a society because he would not be able to live otherwise. The social interactions play a very important role in the lives of human beings and assist them not only in fulfillment of their requirements but also of their personalities. From the very beginning of their lives human beings have been living in the form of groups. It is very difficult to find traces of such an era where every individual lived separately.
And this is not just the case with human beings; all the living organisms have the tendency to live in the form of groups. It is really interesting to note the examples of social interactions among the animals. The most important example of such phenomena can be found in ants and bees.
They live in the form of organized groups and perform their duties in a much disciplined way (though they do not have their rules and regulations in the form the human beings have – mostly codified). They are thought to have even division of labor in a very primary form, wherein each ant or bee has to perform a particular task.
They even have 'heads' of their communities. There are many other animals as well that show such or similar social interactions, thus proving that the tendency to live in society has been very instinctive among the organisms.
Furthermore, the requirements of organisms in general and human beings in particular have also pushed them towards formation of groups and societies. The groups and societies have always served human beings for their good.
It has distributed the tasks that they have to perform in their daily lives and have given them the opportunity to benefit from the creations, creativity, struggle and assistance of others. Moreover, the social life has helped human beings in maintaining good psychological and physiological health, not only because of the different hospitals and health facilities existing in the society but also because of the healthy character of social life itself. It is observed both by sociologists, psychologists and psychiatrists that social life helps greatly in maintaining a healthy life.
Today, human beings live in most of the advanced societies of the world, where they have reached after thousand years of evolution in their social life. They are facilitated with the myriads of facilities, inventions and opportunities that might not have existed naturally.
They are no more in the natural form of societies rather they have changed their societies both in its material and non-material cultures. They have become more civilized as they have formed organized patterns and systems in their social life.
They have legal systems, well studied and codified rules and regulations, various institutions, parties and syndicates and above all numerous recreational activities. Yet, there are people in such modern and well-developed societies, who suffer from isolation.
Yes, there are many people in the world who suffer from social isolation. They abhor human interaction and tend to avoid groups and societies and opt to live lonely lives away from their fellow beings.
Social isolation is a tendency to remain aloof of social interactions and groups, mostly marked with lack of contact with members of society and unusual behavior, which seems much deviant form the perceived form of normal life.
It is indicated not only through the behavior but also opinion. Social isolation is considered an abnormality and is considered to be the reason of different psychological and physical disorders including anxiety, panic attacks, additions, eating disorders, substance abuse, violence and overall disease. All these disorders can prove fatal to human life and if cogitated properly these disorders can prove disadvantageous for the society as a whole as well.
There are different reasons for social isolation. Both the developed and underdeveloped societies of the world suffer from numerous cases of social isolation. This implies that it is not just about deprivation, rather there can be many other reasons as well that contribute to generate it and even strengthen it.
One of the basic reasons for social isolation in developed societies of the world is the social patterns that demand a very hectic and busy life and intense competition for individual achievements. Therefore, human beings remain limited to individual life and fail to perform on social fronts.
While, in underdeveloped countries of the world the social problems mostly contribute in generating the cases of social isolation. Deprivation, poverty, unemployment, failures, family responsibilities and other social evils tend to disappoint people from social life and they prefer to stay away from hustle and bustle of life in a solitary confinement, mostly with certain addiction as the only company.
The impacts of social isolation are worth serious consideration. It has been a dominant reason of drug addiction and suicidal tendency. Drug addiction in these cases may include severe kind of smoking and alcoholism.
Suicidal tendency may not only include willing to take one's own life but also convincing others to have a pessimistic view of life. Moreover, social isolation can also give birth to criminal attitude. In most of the cases the crimes resulting from social isolation have been revenge against perceived injustices that are thought to have been committed by social systems and institutions.
In addition, there have been cases when murders have been committed by the various psychological problems stemming from social isolation.
The cases of social isolation have had a rising trend in our country Afghanistan, as well and have been marked with the extensive use of drugs and turning towards criminal tendencies. The basic reasons include series of wars, calamities, socio-political and socio-economic crisis and the lethal insecurity complex.
It is required, as is suggested in most of the cases of social isolation, that the society should be developed in such a way so as to keep in consideration all the necessities of human life, right from the physiological needs to the social needs.
The systems, institutions and groups, inventions and technology and other opportunities must be used in such a way so as not to alienate the members of the society from the social interactions and social life, which stand imperative for the growth of humanity.