Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Saturday, October 20th, 2018

We are ‘Part of the Whole’


We are ‘Part of the Whole’

“A human being is part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. We experience ourselves, our thoughts and feelings as something separate from the rest. A kind of optical delusion of consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from the prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.”

Currently, violation of human rights and dignity has been changed into common practice and people suffer painfully. The unmitigated militancy has put the life of mankind at stake. Terrorism, which resulted in large casualties within decades, has put mental pressure on men, women and triggered fear and anxiety around the globe. In other words, lack of acceptance and religious tolerance play a destructive role in current era. The fundamental groups pigeonhole individuals and discriminate them accordingly.

Humanity is at the risk of erosion since the gap is being widened among individuals on the grounds of their caste, color and creed and as well as among societies on the basis of political and economic interests. Moral standards are likely to be declining. In another item, individual and collective interests and selfishness far outweigh moral values and humane practices. Despite committing indescribable acts of violence, one easily mollifies their conscience under fabricated ideologies. Do you what moral act is?

Morality is not something innate such as parental loves or emotional acts. When you feel hungry you eat something or you just love your friends emotionally – they are not called moral acts. If you feel sympathy and help a criminal escape from the law or police, you have done even immoral act. Morality originates in your reason and conscience. You follow the reasonable orders of your wisdom, which is not colored by your sensation, it is called morality. But it should be noted that if you help someone as a reaction to his support or expecting something in favor, it is not called a moral act. Rather morality is a selfless act that you do for others without any expectations – which draws people’s praise.

We don’t only not do one a favor but also humiliate them and violate their rights in one way or another. We never call ourselves “part of a whole”. We create rift on the basis of our religious and ethnic backgrounds. For instance, violence and honor-killings are committed against women in different parts of the world. Rather than being treated as mother or sister, women fall the victim of gang violence, rape and mental and physical tortures. Patriarchal systems put a limitation on their social, political and cultural activities and treat them as an inferior creature. 

It is should be noted that Man is not born wicked and vicious rather he bears a sense of virtue. However, succumbing to worldly temptations, lust, power and financial interests, or believing in wrong ideologies divert them from the positive state of nature and force them in crime and corruption. Since the malevolent individuals are unable to resist the charms of idols on the surface of earth, they yield to their physical and sexual desires. Therefore, they break the religious values, moral taboos and social norm so as to satiate their desires.

Human rights are commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being and which are inherent in all human beings regardless of their nation, location, language, religion, ethnic origin or any other status. They are applicable everywhere and at every time in the sense of being universal, and they are egalitarian in the sense of being the same for everyone. They require empathy and the rule of law and impose an obligation on persons to respect the human rights of others. They should not be taken away except as a result of due process based on specific circumstances, and require freedom from unlawful imprisonment, torture and execution.

It is aptly said that “just as a candle cannot burn without fire, men cannot live without a spiritual life.” Hence, it is time for us to revive our conscience and polish our souls from the dirt of vice. There are times when you have to obey a call which is the highest of all, i.e., the voice of conscience even though such obedience may cost many a bitter tear, and even more, separation from friends, from family, from the state to which you may belong, from all that you have held as dear as life itself. For this obedience is the law of our being. If we do not fill our spiritual vacuum through positive way, we will certainly yield to evils.

Since men and women are bestowed natural rights and dignity, their rights must be respected regardless of their caste, color and creed. Indeed, we are “part of a whole” and human family and have to protect and respect our fundamental rights. It is also believed that when a society is void of moral values, men’s life, liberty and dignity will be at great risk. Let us revive humanity and moral standards and hope for the best.

Hujjattullah Zia is the permanent writer of the Daily Outlook Afghanistan. He can be reached at zia_hujjat@yahoo.com

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