Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Tuesday, October 23rd, 2018




Despite written legal guarantees for social justice and non-discriminatory society, the underdogs are widely subjected to critical inequity due to racial, gender, religious, location and other differences. These fallacious and duplicitous trend pursued equates human dignity and values on the basis of flawed social and economic status, meant to earn personal gains at the cost of execution of talents and human capabilities. The society we live in is solely based on aristocratic and autocratic temperament –meritocracy finds no space instead is pushed to state of absolute denial. If you belong to an inferior gender, class, and ethnicity, you are left underprivileged and denied access to fundamental rights to life, equality, liberty and happiness. These social injustices constitute principle reason behind many political and social problems we face.
As Afghanistan is geo-strategic location, the foreign powers have always tried to have a direct or an indirect influence in this country’s political strategy (military, economy, and social affairs). Thus, they have always tried to fuel the problems among these ethnic groups for getting through their own interests. In this sense, the country’s multi ethnicity has hampered its development as a nation. Today, this discrimination has become like an indirect civil war in this land. There has never been an accurate population census taken in Afghanistan, but the most common estimate is approximately 30 million. In spite of frequent outcry, the scheme of electronic ID card tactically has been deferred for the reason that it reveals that there is not a solitary ethnic group who form the absolute majority. Afghanistan can be considered a country of minorities as there is no group serving as a majority.
Nowadays, many of the social conflicts are grown from ethnic discriminations. These discriminations are created by internal and external factors to fish in. In fact, these conflicts are created by the competition between the ethnic groups to reach to power and gain influence. According to some analysis, the main reason of civil wars in Afghanistan was the involvement of external factors in interior affairs. It is widely believed by citizens that essentially Afghan people do not have any problems among them from the point of view of ethnicity and they have proved many times that they are united and they have defended their country and combated against the great powers. During the civil wars, Afghans from different ethnic groups were helping each other to stay alive and they have given shelters to the other ones (from different ethnic groups), in order to save their lives. It means that, there were not ethnic groups fighting with each other; they were leaders who collected and abused the illiterate and poor people as an army to fight against each other.
Consequently, today people are once more afraid of this phenomenon by the name of ethnic discrimination existing everywhere (parliament, school, university, governmental and nongovernmental organizations, ministries…). When we work in social level, we can feel better the existence of discriminations and we find out that the rules, justice, payments…differ from one person to another one, due to which ethnic group the person belongs to or to which party the person works for. As we see that today government employees are really dissatisfied about the varieties of the salary amounts in Ministries, in Afghanistan. Two people working in same place and having the same positions, they have different salaries under dissimilar name.
One of very historic example is central parts of Afghanistan; even in the last 15 years, the least attention has been given to the reconstruction of the central regions. Central people are convinced that the central government has carried out discriminatory policies against them, as their share in the enjoyment of hundred millions of dollars of international community’s aid has been very small in comparison to the rest of Afghanistan. For instance, Bamyan province considered as a touristic region of the country, suffers from lack of electricity, access to safe drinking water, effective health care and educational facilities. It is evident that the situation in remote areas of is even inferior. Lack of proper roads in the region has deprived the people from being able to travel easily to all parts as well as other parts of the country. The situation further worsens during winter when heavy snow falls. Despite the fact that the regions which are much safer and secure in comparison to other parts of Afghanistan, the Afghan government has shown less interest to the reconstruction and progress of these regions.
As a final point, it is highly important that new generation believe that social justice and meritocracy are an underlying principle for peaceful and prosperous coexistence within and among nations. We uphold the principles of social justice when we promote rights of minority groups, gender equality, children and other vulnerable people. We cannot be deeply one unless we remove all barriers that people face because of gender, age, race, ethnicity, religion, culture or disability. Also, the government should advance social justice to remove barriers that people face because of gender, age, race, ethnicity, religion, culture, disability and replacing traditional with legal justice system. The noteworthy is that only legal justice saves a person from arbitrariness of course and ensures provision of justice to anyone, anywhere.

Mohammad Zahir Akbari is the newly emerging writer of the Daily Outlook Afghanistan. He can be reached at mohammadzahirakbari@gmail.com

Go Top