Ten years back, on November 13, 2001, the Taliban government was overthrown in Kabul. No doubt, life has changed for better since then. The same is maintained by NATO ambassador to Afghanistan, Simon Gass. Gass says, "When you walk around in Kabul, this is now a bustling lively city with women on the streets, people able to go to hospitals, schools open where girls can go to as well as boys and it feels very very different to how it did 10 years ago."
With invasion of Afghanistan by US backed by its allies improvements are visible in almost all fields of life – education, health, infrastructure, economy, women rights, civil society, media and many more. But these improvements have unfortunately taken place in capital Kabul and some other major cities of Afghanistan like Mazar e Sharif, Hirat and Jalalabad. In a major portion of Afghanistan's 365 districts life is almost the same as it used to be under the Taliban.
The only thing that has gone worsening in the last ten years is the security of the life of people. Last year the government of Afghanistan admitted that Taliban have varying control and influence over more than 90 percent of Afghanistan's districts. Suicide and roadside bombing, targeted killing, abduction and extreme violation of human rights continue while government falls week to curb them.
Afghan National Army and Police have been formed. But according to military experts in addition to low capacity, Afghan forces also lack modern equipments.
Therefore, more work and time are needed to see Afghan security forces defend their country on their own. With withdrawal process of international troops from Afghanistan going on, fears of eruption of civil war and/or regaining of power by Taliban are also increasing. At current, the level of uncertainty is at its highest.
The focus that Kabul gains from government and international community should also be given to other 33 provinces of Afghanistan. Development and construction process should go on equally in all the provinces of Afghanistan. Afghanistan should not be limited to Kabul only.