Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Monday, November 18th, 2019

Women and Development

Afghan women occupy a special position in terms of their roles in the health sector. This includes women
participation in many activities which affect the health and wellbeing of their families in particular and their society at large. Furthermore, the role of Afghan women as key actors in the health care system are well known with regard to the prevention, cure, rehabilitation and health education dimensions of health care. The Afghan health care system comprises of the traditional and Western orthodox medicine and the relevant health facilities such as maternity homes, dispensaries and hospitals. In fact, the development and expansion of these facilities is usually considered as a sign of development of any country, community and society. Despite the role women in the health sector play, some of them play roles that are different and subservient to those of the men. Most men dominate in positions of high status like physicians, and top hospital administrators. Some women are mostly found in the low status health related occupations such as hospital ward attendants, nurses, dieticians and other paramedical jobs.
The concept development is as difficult as any other concept when one attempts to define it. There is no
agreement as to what development means. 
The questions to ask about a country’s development are three: What has been happening to poverty? What has been happening to inequality and unemployment? If all three of these have declined from high levels, then beyond this has been a period of development concern.
Development must be human, economic, political and social. Thus, when development is human it involves a process whereby an individual develops self-respect and becomes more self-confident, self-reliant, co-operative and consciously disposed to national economic and political values. When it is economic, it becomes a process through which people own individual and/ or joint efforts to boost production through the mobilization of some combinations of all factors of production. When development is political, it involves a change in which people increase their capabilities, their rights and .their responsibilities, and use this knowledge to organize themselves so as to acquire real political power in order to participate in decision making, plan and share power democratically and create and allocate resources equitably and efficiently among individual groups. In this way, it is possible to avoid corruption and exploitation, realize social and economic development and political stability and create a politicized population within the context of their own culture and political system.          
Afghan Health Care System Development 
Afghanistan faces a significant challenge to creating a functional medical system in a post-conflict setting   a low-income country recovering from decades of strife, the health care system has been in disarray for many years. Rebuilding the health care system in Afghanistan is currently being undertaken by a number of groups, including the Afghan government, several nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and the US government. While some progress has been made, many hurdles remain. 
Afghan women have played a vital role in the health sector development. And, one of the sectors where the most notable progress has been made is in health. The key advances for women in the health sector since 2005 include: a lower maternal mortality ratio; a lower fertility rate; an increase in qualified female health professionals; and a far wider network of health facilities capable of providing reproductive healthcare.
In order to further these advances, key areas of focus should be: further expanding the healthcare system, such that uncovered areas gain access to proximate facilities; investing further in health human resources while incentivizing work in rural areas, such that more women can access health professionals closer to their homes; and a coordinated national effort on the nutritional issues of women and children, an area that has not been strongly addressed to date.
In summary therefore, and within the context of this article, development refers to a change process characterized by increased skills, capacity, productivity and equality in the distribution of social products within the society. It also involves a process whereby an individual develops self-respect and becomes more self-confident, self- reliant, co-operative and consciously disposed to national economic and political values. And finally the active participation of women in the health sector for good health care provision and further development of this sector is inevitable.