Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Friday, April 19th, 2019

Education Sector Requires Attention

It is now a widely accepted fact that Afghanistan cannot survive without pursuit of modern education. A brighter and better future can only be guaranteed if Afghan children both male and female have easy access to educational institutions. Particularly, primary and secondary education is vital for the efforts to make education lead our way towards educated society. However, even after knowing the fact, the government has not been able to play any considerable role in this regard. Though, there have been efforts since the downfall of Taliban, serious issues still prevail in the sector and hinder the way for better education opportunities for Afghan children. One of the most dominating hindrances in this regard is the prevailing corruption in the sector. Previous government, though exaggerated much its performance regarding developments in education of children, was not able to achieve something worthwhile.
Even their claim that there were 11 million Afghan children in school proved to be wrong as the original figure turned out to be only 6 million.
Even National Unity Government (NUG) has not been able to achieve something worthwhile as far as the education sector is concerned. It has focused most of its energy on ensuring security but even that has not been achieved and, therefore, different sectors including education sector, have been suffering. Different schools in different parts of the country, particularly in the restive districts have turned into wilderness because of insecurity. Parents are not ready to send their children to schools because they fear that their schools may be bombed, or their children killed on the way to school.
On the other hand, there has not been any comprehensive policy in place regarding the promotion of primary schools in the country. The only initiative that was taken by President Ghani was the establishment of residential apartments for the teachers, which faced different controversies and hindrances after announcement. Even today, it is not sure what is the status of the project and whether all the deserving teachers have been allocated apartments or not. Nevertheless, the reports also suggest that the people in power have been able to provide the apartments to their recommended people, while the actual deserving ones have been neglected altogether. Even there are cases where the people who have never been a part of teaching career have been allocated apartments.  
This is really tragic and shows the level of irresponsibility and corruption that has penetrated within our society. If the country is not able to make developments and achievements even after so much assistance and support from international organizations and international community, it is because the authorities in Afghanistan have been corrupt and have had no serious commitment and preference for education. Corruption and misstatement in education sector shows the worst form of ethical degradation and must not go unchecked. Moreover, there must be a proper education policy in place that must be able to address all the issues being faced by the education sector in the country.
Afghanistan is one of the countries that are highly influenced by such people who aim to block all the ways to improvement and modernization. Blinded by religious extremism and outdated tribal values, they are always ready to oppose any sort of efforts that are devoted to spread education to the people of Afghanistan, as they know that the modern education that has been spread in the country to a certain level may encourage evolution and modern changes.
In particular, they are against the modern education for the females. The destiny-makers of this society know that if the girls are given modern education, they may question about their roles in rights. They may question the prejudiced rules and regulations. They may challenge the religious dogmas and in due course challenge the Mullahs and the illiterate tribal leaders. They may change the scenario and that is what the makers of the society do not want them to do. They want them to be passive and compliant, as in such state they would be easier to tackle and ruled over.
It is important that the responsible institutions and authorities realize the worth and importance of modern education and must encourage it as much as possible.
Modern education is essential for Afghan society if it has to invite positive changes. Education, as a matter of fact, makes positive evolution of the society possible and embraces the new ideas and processes with open arms. The nations of the world that have given value to modern education, made it universal and have made efforts to develop their education systems on the basis of modern and scientific systems have been able to earn astonishing growth and reputation. Simultaneously, they have assimilated innumerable amenities of life for their people and have made them capable of living their lives with poise and decency.