Afghanistan is going through critical time. The interferences, even intensified ones, by the neighboring countries continue. International community is packing their luggage to leave the country and compelling Afghan government to take the security responsibility of its citizens and people. They have already transitioned the security responsibility of some major parts of the country to Afghan forces.
Afghan security forces and intelligence services continue to demonstrate inability in identifying the would-be suicide attackers, foiling terrorist attacks and countering the insurgents effectively.
The two big terrorist incidents in Kabul just within a span of a week have further given rise to concerns about the ability of Afghan intelligence services and security forces. One could be sure that with the withdrawal of international forces from Afghanistan the current situation would totally collapse if the present trend is not reversed.
The security problem is further compounded by the widening gap between the government and people and also between the government and some key political leaders and players. For instance, the killing of professor Rabbani, the head of High Peace Council (HPC) will lead to dwindling of public support for the reconciliation process led by Afghan government. This should be a big concern because any effort at reconciliation and making peace will not be effective if it is not based on maximum consensus at the national level.
The fragmented politics will reduce the government's ability to do effective bargaining and make its case effectively at the regional and national level. But unfortunately the government is not paying attention to this important issue and even continues to pursue non-transparent policies.
Recently, international community, particularly the US, are putting more pressure on some neighboring countries to sever ties with the terrorist groups that do sabotage and cause deaths and destructions in Afghanistan. This is in line with Afghan government's goal of bringing peace and stabilizing the country.
But unfortunately the government has not been able to rally the nation-wide support for its peace efforts and is still involved in inter-agency and internal politics. For example, the parliamentary crisis is still ongoing one year after the election.
This crippled parliament is not able to focus on its main duties and responsibilities. It should have been focusing on representing people's interests and demands in big national policies, doing legislations and overseeing the government's performance.
But unfortunately right now it is not able to have the quorum for its plenary sessions. As a result, Afghan government cannot use the opportunities that emerge newly to convince international community to put pressure on the neighbors not to see their interests in a destabilized Afghanistan.