Thirty two years of constant conflict and war in Afghanistan have left huge social and psychological scars in the country. In addition to going through traumas of bombings and gunfire, people of Afghanistan as a result of continued conflict have also been deprived of education and living standards. Women and children have remained the most vulnerable parts of the country.
During the Taliban rule, women were not allowed to go to schools and have public works. No doubt, over the last ten years, the people of Afghanistan have got access to relatively better roads and electricity in some major areas.
Million of children have got access to education. Women enjoy a better social and economic status. But the principal problem of security has turned into a puzzle, although ordinary Afghans rank insecurity second to the poverty and unemployment.
However, the conflict continues to impact children. The ground reality is that the deteriorating security remains a major formidable challenge for the government and international forces. This insecurity dilemma remains the biggest impediment and obstacle to the progress in other areas of Afghans' lives.
Many children still do not have access to education opportunities and are involved in child labor. Recruitment of children by armed groups, including those associated with the Taliban, has been one of the main problems Afghanistan is facing today.
Recruitment is prevalent in areas with high concentrations of returnees or internally displaced persons. There are many appointment of a high-level focal point in government to follow-up on all government commitments made and coordinate activities necessary to reduce the impact of the conflict on children, such as legislative reform, prevention of recruitment of children into the national armed forces and police, and the protection of boys and girls from sexual abuse and exploitation but nothing has been changed and all the efforts made by Afghan government backed by international community present on the ground are in vain.
International community must focus on strengthening the ability and capacity of Afghan government to deliver basic services to the people because the government's failure to meet people's needs fuels expansion of Taliban's insurgency.