Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Thursday, October 18th, 2018

Stable Economic System is Vital for Political Order

It is very important to see the connection and interdependence of different systems within a state. Different systems like political, social and economic systems influence one another and may hinder or pave the way to progress for others. Though all of these systems have their importance, economic system is considered as the most vital one. There are observations that clearly show that even political system is largely dependent on the economic one and it is largely determined by its nature and evolution.
Stable economic systems, wherein businesses and investments flourish, guarantee stability within political system, on most of the occasions. As politics is the game of power and authority, in today’s world power and authority are directly linked to wealth; while wealth is the product of an economic system. Therefore, it can be easily observed in contemporary political scenario that the states that have wealth and prosper in their economic life are dominating the international politics. They, as a matter of fact, run and shape the world order. Whereas the countries with weaker economic systems suffer from lack of stability in their political systems and seem to have no tangible influence and authority within the international political scenario. They are mostly on the receiving end. Even their political systems and, in certain cases, their political leaders are chosen by the powerful countries of the world. It can, thus be said without any hesitation that the economic system has a compelling role within the development and stability of political systems within a state and within the international political order.
It is also easy to note that the societies where the people are mostly poor and do not have the facilities of life, there are more chances of political upheavals. The discontented people, suffering from destitution would ultimately strive to overthrow the political order and would never respect such a system. Resultantly, it can be said that the societies that are economically instable are more prone to revolutions, disturbances and chaos. The third world countries can be observed in this regard. As the people are poor, do not have basic requirements of life and suffer from unemployment, they are more vulnerable to be the cause of instability. And, that is why we find them to be more attracted towards rebellions, crimes, terrorism and thus instability.
Afghanistan is one of the countries where economic instability has given birth to political instability. As there is no stable economic infrastructure, the country’s democratic structure has shaky foundations. In Afghanistan insecurity has been influencing the economic life to a large extent. Both national and international businessmen are not readily willing to invest in all the sectors and they do not see positive prospects of their businesses. As insecurity has been overwhelmingly influencing the country, the development in the basic infra-structure has been meager. The doubts and uncertainties of the Afghan market have made the international investors to think thousand times before they take an initiative to start their businesses in the country. Though there are great opportunities in Afghanistan and the country is blessed with different types of mineral and other natural resources, the economic infra-structure has not been able to get enough attention.
Besides that, there are other factors as well that have been influencing the economic system of Afghanistan. The insufficient and unfavorable business environment is also one of the issues affecting Afghan economy. There have to be strong business laws governing the society and controlling the business. The laws should not only safeguard the rights of investors and businessmen but also make sure that the competition within the system is maintained on strong and fair footings. The evils like monopoly based on unfair competition must be tackled with properly and there should be strong bodies that control the prices within the markets, which at the present are non-existent and the businessmen are fixing the rates on their own. This has given rise to a political system that, on the exterior, is called as democratic but in reality is an ad-hoc arrangement that has no strong foundation.
Afghan economy, therefore, require structured development towards a capitalist society. And in this regard, businesses can play a vital role. If within a system there are consistent investments and different businesses, the system is on a track towards development and prosperity. Since the very inception of human society, human beings have required businesses so as to have their requirements fulfilled. Throughout human history, businesses have taken different forms and characteristics and today have reached to a very advanced form. From the barter system to today's advanced era when the businesses are taking place online, there has been a series of different practices, but the vitality of the business has never been lost. Only after having achieved economic infrastructure based on capitalism or free market economy marked with stability, Afghanistan’s political system can continue its journey towards a truly democratic country dominated by stability.