Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Friday, January 18th, 2019

Roads are Necessary for Development

One of the major problems in Afghanistan is that its basic infra-structure has not been developed and that is the reason why the country is not able to perform well in different sectors. There are many sectors that are directly linked to the infra-structure development; therefore, the country requires performing well in this regard so as to provide opportunity for development and growth.
Among the different priorities in the infra-structure development, the roads play a very crucial role. Without well-constructed and well-maintained roads, it is impossible to improve economy and even security. For economic activities, it is important that there should be useful roads that can help in transportation of raw material, capital, fuel, final goods, and even labor. If these all factors are not transported on time, the whole businesses tend to suffer huge losses and, therefore, they are disheartened and decide not to invest in the country.
As far as security is concerned the timely transportation of the troops and the arms is really vital. If the forces are not able to transport enough number of troops and weapons, the consequences can be really very much severe. In past, on many occasions in different parts of Afghanistan, when Taliban were able carryout serious assaults, Afghan forces were not able to defend themselves because of the same reason that the troops and weapons were not transported on time. It is also crucial to note that there are many places in the remote areas where troops do not have any way of reaching except using the aerial route, which is always very expensive and not convenient for transferring large number of people at short span of time.
Certain major catastrophes in the country, mostly brought by natural disasters also revealed the fact that the country is not properly equipped with enough roads. Landslides, severe snowfall, avalanches and floods, at different instances, brought to the light the fact that the concerned authorities could not reach to the effected people because of roads. In some cases, the roads were never present; while in other cases they were in pathetic condition, not possible to use.
The roads are also very much necessary for bringing about beauty to a place and support people to have safe recreational journeys. It is really weird and unpleasant to find the roads that are broken and dusty. Moreover, the ugliness further increases in such roads when there is rain or overflow of drain water. Such conditions can cause different types of diseases as the drain water may remain on the roads for days and invite mosquitoes and other insects. In addition, the drain water, containing different types of bacteria, dries on the road and afterwards is blown in the air by passing vehicles and wind and becomes the stuff the people breath, which can cause different types of lungs diseases.
One of the major contribution in Afghanistan for the development of basic infra-structure would be construction of roads. Help and support from international community and international organizations should consider this as top priority. They have, on different occasions, supported Afghanistan in this regard, as well. Afghan government should also get serious in this connection and use the opportunities to the maximum.
In a recent undertaking, contracts worth more than five billion afghanis for three road construction projects were signed between the Ministry of Public Works and local construction companies. Public Works Minister Mahmood Baleegh said that the first project was the construction of Fairzokoh Road in western Ghor province in Gardan Diwal area. The 60km long and 10 meters wide road would cost four billion and Af. 463 million provided from the government budget and take 32 months to complete. The second project is the Lesai Numan Shahr Road between Charikar and Qala-i-Band of Bagram district.  This road - 13km long and 9-metre wide – would cost Af. 250 million with financial support from Japan and would take 14 months to be put into service. While the third project would be construction of 25km of roads inside Aibak city of northern Samangan province.
This initiative is worth appreciation; however, the important factor is that these projects should be pursued with true intentions and enthusiasm. Negligence in this regard would be a dishonesty with the entire nation. Therefore, there should be every effort not to allow corruption and fraudulence creep in these projects and thus fail them pathetically. 
It is also important to realize that Afghanistan does not have latest technology that can support in maintaining their roads. Attention and consideration in this regard is of great importance. Afghan government, donor agencies and developed countries that are willing to support Afghanistan can divert attention to this important issue. Such supports are very much crucial for Afghanistan and can assist them in developing strong infrastructure. Afghanistan is in crying need of latest technology in almost all fields of life and in case of maintenance of roads the requirement becomes even more essential as the situation is not satisfactory in this regard.